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photo Mauritus / Photononstop Present in the Nordic countries and in the countryside, the green roofs come to invest the cities. You can create different projects thanks to green roofs: a furnished terrace, a meadow roof, a floral garden or additional insulation, the roof being a well exposed and quiet space. However, this concept is not feasible with all roofs. In general, flat roofs are preferred, but gardens can also be laid out on sloping roofs depending on the degree of grip and the inclination (30 ° maximum). To water this beautiful roof, drip is ideal because it avoids stagnation of water. The green roof has several advantages: above all aesthetic, it also forms an additional insulating layer to the insulation of the roof. Plants absorb surrounding noise, retain water and absorb heat. The plants to choose for a roof garden must be able to withstand wind and extreme temperatures and adapt to local climatic conditions. For a meadow roof, think of the grasses that will make a nice dense effect on your roof. In addition, the aesthetic question is essential especially if the roof is visible, but the plant must cover the substrate to give an impression of abundance.
The hanging gardens
photo Yann monel / landscaper Hugues Peuvergne For balconies and terraces, take into account the weight of plants and planters. You can replace the terracotta pots with plastic equivalents that are more and more like more aesthetic materials. Otherwise, hanging planters are one way to reduce loads. Creating a balcony or terrace allows you to add an identity to your interior. Indeed, thanks to garden furniture and plants, you can create a style that suits you: Japanese, urban, African, pop ... And why not create a real plant abundance with a wall of evergreen shrubs that are effective against wind and potted flowers to bring color?
The hanging gardens
photo Antonio Duarte / landscaper Pierre-Alexandre Risser A hanging garden can act as a screen of greenery. Plants provide protection from the sun, heat and vis-à-vis. When the balcony is too exposed to the south, the green pergola is the solution! With deciduous plants, you will be protected in summer and in winter, when the leaves have fallen, you will enjoy the few rays of the sun. In summer, your home is also less exposed to high temperatures thanks to the vegetation that captures the heat. As Marie-Pierre Dubois Petroff reminds us, plants that do not lose their leaves, like bamboo, are perfect for protecting themselves from the neighborhood. The persistent vegetation allows you to see without being seen. Indeed, you should not obstruct all the brightness that the balcony offers!
Green walls: climbing vegetation
Photo doc.Tracer There are two techniques for designing a green wall: vertical vegetation and climbing vegetation. We have often seen ivy or vine dressing country houses, but other climbing plants can do this same effect! Climbing vegetation is carried out with plants sown in the ground which cling alone, without stakes, to the wall (stone, brick, cement and plaster are perfect for good adhesion). However, some plants such as honeysuckle or wisteria need support. Before installing a green wall, your wall must be in good condition. The growth of the plant can become quite significant if it is well exposed and not pruned regularly (for example, ivy can reach 30m in height!).
Green walls: vertical vegetation
Photo Pratique Smith / creation Patrick Blanc With this technique, the plant does not take root in the ground but in a vertical substrate. The structure supporting the green wall must be fixed at a distance from the support wall in order to maintain ventilation space. Before starting this type of design, ask yourself the question of the nature of the substrate you want to use because it will depend on the thickness, the choice of plants, the cost and the water consumption. In * A vegetated house *, the author returns to the problem of watering. Indeed, a green wall must be watered regularly. She then offers us the following solution: install, at the top of the wall, an automatic sprinkler system with drilled pipes. Today, we find more and more green walls inside. To do this, the room must be very bright and the wall watered very regularly. Some substrates do not require daily watering; it depends on their thickness. You can also design a green wall in your garden to hide a vis-à-vis or to dress a fence.
The interior gardens
photos JF Taffin / landscaper Jean-François Taffin Apartment owners without balconies or terraces, you have several solutions to arrange a semblance of a garden in the heart of your little nest: green plants, a small vegetable garden… and why not, a tree inside! However, the plants should not occupy too much space as they take up some of the living space. The room that will host the plants must be bright enough, so there are several possibilities for bringing light, such as the patio, the veranda or the bay windows. However, plants are very sensitive in this type of space because glass conducts more heat than a wall and the cold walls require us to increase the heating. In order to overcome all this and create a healthy environment for your plants, double glazing, curtains and windows in greenhouses are ideal. Equipment such as patios and greenhouses are veritable microclimates; thus not all plants can acclimatize, check their needs carefully. There are therefore several ways to bring nature into your home, now it's up to you to consider which one is best for you!